ARE TEETH IMPORTANT FOR THE
HEALTH OF YOUR PET?
Dental radiographs are now part of our dental core procedures.
Dental x-ray is an essential tool in the diagnosis and treatment planning of oral conditions
in your pet as 60% of the tooth lies under the gums.
KEY DENTAL X-RAY FACTS
60% of the tooth lies under the gums and must be evaluated with dental x-rays
x-rays allow assessment of the tooth, root, bone as well as adjacent structures (teeth, nasal cavity, sinus, blood vessels/nerves)
Digital dental x-ray system is used for superior image quality and it reduces radiation exposure to the patient.
Dogs have 42 teeth and cats have 30 teeth.
Usually, 8 to 15 x-ray images are obtained in order to effectively access oral condition.
x-rays will allow us to possibly discover:
Extra root or an abscess that has extended to an adjacent/normal looking tooth.
Teeth that must be extracted need to be evaluated for root fractures or root ankylosis (fusion to the bone).
Cats are prone to “cavities” or resorptive lesions. Some lesions are located under the gums and are only visible on x-rays. Treatment is based on the evaluation of root structure, where intact roots must be extracted, while resorbing roots can be retained.
Oral growths (cyst, infection or tumor) require x-ray assessment for treatment or biopsy.
Dogs and Cats need dental care, too! Unfortunately, dental hygiene for our pets is sometimes overlooked.
Many people seem to just expect dogs and cats to have bad breath, and few people brush their dog or cat's teeth frequently enough.
Dental hygiene is just as important to your pet’s overall health as things like nutrition, proper exercise and routine grooming.
Four Stages of Periodontal Disease. Pictures of these stages.
We want to avoid this!
In kittens and puppies, the deciduous teeth begin to erupt at about 3-4 weeks of age and the permanent teeth begin to emerge at about 3-4 months of age.
By 24 weeks of age, usually all of the permanent teeth have emerged.
Puppies have 28 teeth and adult dogs normally have 42 teeth.
Kittens normally have 26 teeth and adult cats have 30 teeth.
How to brush your pet’s teeth Just like in humans, dental care is an important part of your pet’s overall health. Here’s a step-by-step guide to keeping those chompers sparkling white at home.
1 Start brushing your pet’s teeth early—8 to 12 weeks old is best. If you brush every day, your pet will become familiar with the routine when their permanent teeth erupt. Please note: You may need to stop brushing while your pet loses her baby teeth. Her mouth will be a bit sore and handling may cause more pain. Continue once all permanent teeth come in.
2 Work with your pet’s mouth. Be patient and make it fun. Use love and praise, and try to practice at the same time each day to establish a routine. Choose a quiet time, such as late in the evening. Or, if your pet is highly motivated by food, try just before dinner so she’ll be rewarded for her cooperation.
3 Handle your pet’s muzzle and touch her lips. Work up to rubbing the teeth and gums with your finger. Put a few drops of water flavored with low-sodium chicken or beef bouillon for dogs and tuna juice for cats in your pet’s mouth and she’ll begin to look forward to these sessions.
4 Rub the teeth gently with a bouillon- or tuna- flavored washcloth or a piece of gauze wrapped around the end of your finger.
5 Finally, use a finger brush or a soft veterinary or human toothbrush to brush the teeth using the bouillon water or tuna juice. Hold the brush at a 45- degree angle to the tooth and brush gently back and forth or in a circular pattern from gum to tip. Brushing the tongue side of the teeth is less critical, but still good. Of- fer rewards and treats when your pet allows you to brush.
6 Consider other dental aids. A large selection of veterinary toothpastes, oral rinses, and gels are available to you. Our veterinary team can help you select the right one for you and your pet. These products all enhance your home care program, but daily brushing is best. Avoid human toothpaste because fluoride and de- tergents can be harmful if swallowed. Hydrogen peroxide can be harsh on the gums and shouldn’t be swallowed either. Baking soda has a high sodium content and should be avoided in older pets.
7 Pick kibble and rubber chew toys that will help keep the teeth clean. Avoid natural bones, which are hard enough to fracture teeth. Our veterinary team can recommend a complete and balanced professional diet to use at feeding time and as a treat.