Parasites : YOU and YOUR Pets 

 

INTESTINAL PARASITES

 

 

Why is it necessary to have my pet’s fecal tested for

intestinal parasites twice a year?

 

 

 

Your pet’s history and lifestyle gives some indication as to whether they are more or less likely to have certain parasites. Important factors include age of pet, recent adoption from a shelter, frequenting of dog parks, administration of year-round preventives, hunting, presence of fleas, access to rodents or cockroaches and presence of other medical problems. Even predominantly indoor pets are likely to be exposed to parasites. Parasites can have an affect on your pet in a short time. If your pet has been infected with a parasite, early detection and treatment is paramount.

Protecting you from zoonotic disease (transmission from pets to people). Click here for more details 

In addition to having health implications for your pet itself, some of the parasite stages shed in dog and cat feces are zoonotic, so removing them to prevent environmental contamination, thereby protecting you and your family, is important. Cutaneous larva migrans by hookworms cause nasty skin lesions. Larval stages of roundworms can migrate through the liver, lungs and eyes causing organ damage and blindness respectively. 

 

 

What do you look for in my dog or cats bi-annual fecal exam?

 

While getting that sample may be a little unpleasant, the information we can glean from a good fecal exam can reveal a lot of information about your dog and cat. Here's the poop…

 

Getting the Sample

Nobody likes this part, but if the sample is bad the results may be inaccurate. First, the sample should be as fresh as possible. Day old piles that have dried to the consistency of brick are absolutely useless. Try to get a sample in to us the day you obtain it. If your dog is a late night pooper, refrigerate the sample overnight (do NOT freeze!) and take it to us in the morning. For cats, it is OK to have litter on the stool. Just make sure it is fresh. Solid stools are the best—diarrhea is mostly water so results may be less helpful, and we will tell you if a sample is usable. If your pet has not been feeling well try to get the entire pile. Interesting items such as hair, toys, bones and other foreign material can be hiding in a normal looking stool. For routine checks in healthy pets, a 2" piece will do. If you see a worm in your dog or cat's stool, bring it along!

 

Testing the Sample

While a variety of tests are available, from direct smears to detailed cultures, the bi-annual fecal exam usually consists of a fecal flotation. The feces is placed in a special device and a solution is added. The solution is heavier than the particles we are looking for, so the interesting items float to the top of the sample, while the bulk of the fecal matter that is not of interest stays on the bottom. Immature worms, worm eggs, protozoal parasites and other abnormal organisms end up at the top of the solution and are picked up on a microscope slide. These parasites are then identified under microscopic examination by their distinct features. We may also send the samples to a laboratory for more elaborate screening for parasites.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What's in the Sample

If your pet's fecal sample is positive a variety of nasty critters may be present. Here are the most common:

 

Roundworms, Hookworms and Whipworms - distinctively shaped spaghetti-like worms that live in the small or large intestine and can give dogs a "potbelly" appearance.

 

Tapeworms - segmented worms that give off sticky egg packets which look like grains of rice (often found sticking to the hair under the tail), these worms are picked up when the dog swallows a flea, making this a flea AND worm control issue.

 

Giardia, and Coccidia - protozoal (single cell) parasites usually acquired through contaminated water supplies, both cause diarrhea by attaching to the surface of the small intestine. Giardia is notoriously difficult to find on fecal examination and further testing is often needed to make a diagnosis.

 

Hopefully, your pet's fecal sample will be negative, meaning no abnormal organisms were detected. This means either your pet is free of parasites, or the parasites are not shedding into the stool in detectable numbers. If we feel your pet has signs of parasites in spite of a negative test, other tests may be recommended.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                       

                       Hookworm Eggs                                             Roundworm / Whipworm Egg                                              Giardia

 

Follow Up Care

If your pet has a positive fecal test, we will prescribe the appropriate medication. A second fecal examination should be performed after treatment to ensure the course of therapy was successful and the pet did not re-infect itself. Clean up is essential to prevent your pet from picking up the parasite again, or worse, infecting a human in the household. We can direct you on the best course of action for your pet's particular parasite, as some survive better in the environment than others. If at any time your suspect your pet has been exposed to a parasite, pass the poop on to us!

 

 

 

HEARTWORM DISEASE AND TICK BORNE DISEASES.

 

Prevention is the key!

Ask us how you can prevent you pet from getting parasites.

Please note that all puppies will have a heartworm test done at 10 months of age. We will send a reminder. BE SURE TO START YOUR PUPPY ON HEARTWORM PREVENTION AS SOON AS POSSIBLE

 

 

Due to the increasing concern about tick borne (vector borne) diseases in the United States as well as in our area, our routine heartworm tests will now incorporate testing for these 3 tick borne diseases as well as heartworm disease.

We also recommend that all dogs should be on flea and tick prevention ALL YEAR LONG!

We recommend oral NEXGARD

For more tick information visit:

 

TickEncounter Resource Center at 

https://tickencounter.org/

or 

Show Us Your Ticks at

https://www.showusyourticks.org/

 

The test is called Accuplex 4. (Also known as a 4DX)

 

EVERY DOG      EVERY YEAR

 

For healthier pets and so much more. The benefits of vector-borne disease screening go far beyond the well being of your individual pet. By adopting these regular screening protocols, it will lead to a greater awareness and understanding of vector-borne disease in our community.

 

What are we testing for?

 

Lyme Disease

Transmitted by the deer tick or black-legged tick, Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. Clinical signs may not appear until several months after infection. Lyme disease has been found throughout North America and increasingly seen in our area. Cases are ranging from mild to severe. Early detection and appropriate treatment is key to preventing your dog from developing clinical signs.

 

Canine Erhrlichia

Canine ehrlichiosis is caused by the bacteria Ehrlichia canis, (transmitted bu the brown dog tick) and Ehrlichia ewingii (transmitted by the lone star tick). Canine Ehrlichia infections may progress to the subclinical phase, lasting days, months or years.

 

Canine Anaplasmosis

Canine granulocytic anaplasmosis is caused by the bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilium (transmitted by the deer tick or black-legged tick). Anaplasma platys (transmitted by the brown dog tick) is the cause of infectious cyclic thrombocytopenia (decrease in platelets that will cause bleeding)

 

Heartworm Disease

Dirofilaria immitis, the causative agent of heartworm disease, is transmitted by infected mosquitoes when D. immitis larvae are transferred to a healthy dog. Heartworm disease has no obvious clinical signs in the early stages, making preventive measures so much more important—especially as advanced infection may result in death. See lifecycle below.

 

Why you should be careful if planning from buying heartworm prevention or flea / tick prevention on-line. Click here for details.

 

Quick tips about ticks.

 

Check your dog for ticks daily. If you find a tick, remove it right away (ticks will gravitate to the head, ears and neck).

Use a tick preventive on your dog. Frontline Plus and Nexgard are recommended.

Watch your dog closely for changes in behavior or appetite and call your veterinarian with any concerns.

Talk with your veterinarian about ticks and vector-borne disease in your area.

If your pet’s test results are negative, congratulations! Keep up the good work with regular preventive screenings and daily tick checks.

Heartworm Disease basics

Cheaper to prevent than to treat.

Click here for more information